University of Bristol - Historical Photographs of China reference number: Pe01-036. This photograph by James A. Ricalton, was also reproduced on an Underwood & Underwood stereoview (c.1900). The man being executed was a river pirate. For the story behind this photograph, see James Ricalton's Photographs of China During the Boxer Rebellion by Christopher J. Lucas (Edwin Mellen Press, 1900), page 114. See CP-s093 and Ta01-21.
A condemned criminal in a cage, used for slow strangulation, Shanghai